Seizure, an abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain, which causes a momentary loss of awareness. To know more about the Seizure, you can read out the following lines for your reference in detail.
What is Seizure?
A seizure is the physical findings or changes in conduct that occur after an episode of abnormal electrical venture in the psyche. Seizures are changes in the brain’s electrical activity. This can cause dramatic, noticeable symptoms or even no symptoms at all. The symptoms of a severe seizure are often widely recognized, including violent shaking and loss of control. Based on the type of behavior and brain activity, seizures are divided into two broad categories such as generalized seizures, which is also known as local and partial seizure that is also called as focal. In terms of Generalized seizures, this type of seizures are produced by electrical impulses from throughout the entire brain and in terms of partial seizures, that are produced by electrical impulses in a relatively small part of the brain.
It may be hard to tell if someone is having a seizure. Some seizures only cause a person to have staring spells. These may go unnoticed. Specific symptoms depend on what part of the brain is involved. The Symptoms of Seizure occur suddenly and that may include brief blackout followed by a period of confusion, changes in behavior such as picking at one’s clothing, drooling or frothing at the mouth, eye movements, gunting and snorting, loss of bladder or bowel control, mood changes such as sudden anger, unexplainable fear, panic, joy, or laughter and sometimes it may further let to shaking of the entire body, sudden falling, tasting a bitter or metallic flavor, teeth clenching, temporary stop in breathing, uncontrollable muscle spasms with twitching and jerking limbs. Symptoms may stop after a few seconds or minutes, or continue for up to 15 minutes. They rarely continue longer.
How does Seizure affect brain?
If the complex chemical changes occur in nerve cell, the electricity activity will occur. Once the electricity activity is occurred, the brain cells may provoke or sometimes it also restrict other brain cells from passing messages. In general, there is always a balance of cells between exciting cells and the cells that frustrate the messages. However, when a seizure occurs, there may be too much or too little activity, causing an imbalance between exciting and stopping activity. The chemical changes can lead to surges of electrical activity that cause seizures. Keep in mind, Seizure is not a disease as it is the symptom of numerous disparate disorders, which cause damage in brain.
Most seizures stop by themselves. But during a seizure, the person can be hurt or injured. When a seizure occurs, the main goal is to protect the person from injury. The first and the foremost thing to do is that try to prevent a fall. Lay the person on the ground in a safe area. Clear the area of furniture or other sharp objects. Cushion the person’s head.
Loosen tight clothing, especially around the neck. Turn the person on the side. If vomiting occurs, this helps make sure that the vomit is not inhaled into the lungs. Look for a medical ID bracelet with seizure instructions. Stay with the person until he or she recovers, or until professional medical help arrives.
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