During your period you will bleed from your vagina for a few days. The bleeding will usually be the heaviest in the first two days. Your period could last for three to eight days, but it will usually last for about five. The amount of blood you lose during your period will depend on how heavy they are. It is usually about 30 to 72 milli litres, although some women bleed more heavily than this. If you have heavy periods, there are a number of treatment options available. If your bleeding isn’t too severe, you could try using a sanitary towel or tampon with a higher absorbency.
There are also a number of medications to help reduce bleeding. For example, the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) is a small plastic device that’s inserted into your womb and releases a hormone called progestogen. It prevents the womb lining growing so quickly.
Alternatively, tranexamic acid tablets work by helping the blood in your womb clot.
Before your period
The changing levels of hormones in your body before your periods can cause physical and emotional changes. For example, your breasts might get bigger, you may feel bloated or you may cry more easily. You also may have pain or discomfort in your lower abdomen or back, which may last for some or all of your period. If you have pain or discomfort, there are a number of self-help techniques you can try, such as using painkilling medication, gentle exercise, applying a heat pad or hot water bottle to your tummy, and massaging your lower abdomen. If paracetamol or NSAIDs aren’t providing enough pain relief, your GP may be able to prescribe a stronger painkiller such as codeine to take as well.
Premenstrual syndrome is also known as premenstrual tension (PMT), describes the physical, psychological and emotional symptoms that can occur in the days before a woman’s period. However, it doesn’t affect every woman who has periods. There are many possible symptoms of PMS. Some of the most common physical symptoms are fluid retention and feeling bloated, tummy pain and discomfort, headaches, changes to your skin and hair, backache, muscle and joint pain, breast tenderness, tiredness, nausea, weight gain and some of the other common symptoms.
Read out and get to know what is happening in you.