Jaundice is a yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the whites of the eyes caused by increased amounts of bilirubin in the blood. Jaundice is a sign of an underlying disease process. Jaundice is a sign of an underlying disease process. Common signs and symptoms seen in individuals with jaundice include yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the whites of the eyes, light-colored stools, dark-colored urine, and itching of the skin.
The underlying disease process may result in additional signs and symptoms. These may include nausea and vomiting, weakness, fever, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, head ache, confusion, swelling of the legs and abdomen and newborn jaundice. In newborns, as the bilirubin level rises, jaundice will typically progress from the head to the trunk, and then to the hands and feet. Additional signs and symptoms that may be seen in the newborn include poor feeding, lethargy, changes in muscle tone, high-pitched crying, and seizures.
The treatment for jaundice depends entirely on the underlying cause. Once a diagnosis has been established, the appropriate course of treatment can then be initiated. Certain patients will require hospitalization, whereas others may be managed as outpatients at home.
Increased production of bilirubin causes jaundice as there are several uncommon conditions, which give rise to over-production of bilirubin that result in Jaundice. The bilirubin in the blood in these conditions usually is only mildly elevated, and the resultant jaundice usually is mild and difficult to detect.
These conditions include rapid destruction of red blood cells that leads to the over-production of hemoglobin in the bone marrow and also it occur because of absorption of large amounts of hemoglobin when there has been much bleeding into tissues.
Read out and be aware of this disease so that help you out to have a healthy life.