Hepatitis B


Hepatitis refers to viral infections that cause inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis A, B and C are the most common types as each of the types have different causes and symptoms. Let us see the detailed symptoms and the cause of Hepatitis B in detail for your reference.

Hepatitis B is similar to hepatitis A in its symptoms that has been discussed in previous article, but is more likely to cause chronic long-term illness and permanent damage to the liver if not treated. The hepatitis B virus is very common worldwide, with more than 350 million people infected. Those with long term HBV are at high risk of developing liver cirrhosis or liver cancer. Hepatitis B is most frequently passed on through the exchange of bodily fluids with an infected person. HBV is estimated to be 50 to 100 times more infectious than HIV. HBV can be spread in the following ways that includes b y unprotected penetrative sex with someone who is infectious. Also by sex that draws blood with someone who is infected, also by sharing contaminated needles or other drug injecting equipment, by using non-sterilised equipment for tattooing, acupuncture or body piercing. The most common way of spreading this Hepatitis B is that from an infected mother to her baby as it happens most commonly during delivery. Keep in mind that Hepatitis B cannot be spread through sneezing, coughing, hugging or coming in contact with the faeces of someone who is infected.

Signs and Symptoms

Many people who become infected with HBV experience mild symptoms or no symptoms at all, but they may still carry the infectious virus and pass it on to others. When symptoms do appear they are similar to those of hepatitis A and may include a short, mild flu like illness, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, weight loss, itchy skin, jaundice and some of the other basic symptoms.

If you have any symptoms or you are worried you may have been infected with hepatitis B, you should discuss your worries with a doctor. They may be able to run tests themselves, or else will refer you to someone who can.

Treatment for Hepatitis B

There is currently no specific treatment for acute hepatitis B, other than using painkillers to relieve symptoms. Treatment for chronic hepatitis B depends on how badly your liver is affected. It can be treated using medications designed to slow the production of the virus and prevent damage to the liver. Three immunisation injections are given over a period of 3-6 months. A blood test is taken once the course of injections is completed to check they have worked. Immunity should last for at least 5 years.


Read out the complete detail of Hepatitis B and be aware of it.


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