Conjuctivitis is an inflammation or redness of the lining of the white part of the eye and the underside of the eyelid that canbe caused by infection, allergic reaction, or physical agents like infrared or ultraviolet light. Read out the following lines in detail for your knowledge.
Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the conjunctiva, a thin, delicate membrane that covers the eyeball and lines the eyelid. Conjunctivitis can be acute or chronic depending upon how long the condition lasts, theseverity of symptoms, and the type of organism or agent involved. It can also affect one or both eyes and, if caused by infection, can bevery easily transmitted to others during close physical contact, particularly among children in a daycare center. Other names for conjunctivitis include pink eye and red eye.
Causes and symptoms
Conjunctivitis may be caused by a viral infection, such as a cold, acute respiratory infection, or disease such as measles, herpessimplex, or herpes zoster. Symptoms include mild to severe discomfort in one or both eyes, redness, swelling of the eyelids, and watery,yellow, or green discharge. Symptoms may last anywhere from several days to two weeks. Infection with an adenovirus, however, mayalo cause a significant amount of pus-like discharge and a scratchy, foreign body type of sensation in the eye. This may also be accompanied by swelling and tenderness of the lymph nodes near the ear.
Bacterial conjunctivitis can occur in adults and children and is caused by organisms such as Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Hemophilus. Symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis include a pus-like discharge and crusty eyelids after awakening. Redness of theconjunctiva can be mild to severe and may be accompanied by swelling. Persons with symptoms of conjunctivitis who are sexually activemay possibly be infected with the bacteria that cause either gonorrhea or chlamydia. There may be large amounts of pus-like discharge,and symptoms may include intolerance to light, watery mucous discharge, and tenderness in the lymph nodes near the ear that may persist for up to three months.
Conjunctivitis may also be caused by environmental hazards, such as wind, smoke, dust, and allergic reactions caused by pollen, dust,or grass. Symptoms range from itching and redness to a mucous discharge. Persons who wear contact lenses may develop allergicconjunctivitis caused by the various eye solutions and foreign proteins contained in them.
Other less common causes of conjunctivitis include exposure to sun lamps or the electrical arcs used during welding, and problems within adequate drainage of the tear ducts.
An accurate diagnosis of conjunctivitis centers on taking a patient history to learn when symptoms began, how long the condition hasbeen going on, the symptoms experienced, and other predisposing factors, such as upper respiratory complaints, allergies, sexually transmitted diseases, herpes simplex infections, and exposure to persons with pink eye. It may be helpful to learn whether an aspect ofan individual’s occupation may be the cause, for example, welding. Diagnostic tests are usually not indicated unless initial treatment failsor an infection with gonorrhea or chlamydia is suspected. In such cases, the discharge may be cultured and Gram stained to determine the organism responsible for causing the condition. Cultures and smears are relatively painless.
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