Cholera is an infection of the small intestine caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae that spread through the contaminated water. The Cholera is an infectious disease, which results in a painless, watery diarrhea in humans which causes severe affects in the body. To know more about Cholera, check out the following lines in detail for your knowledge.
Symptoms and the Signs of Cholera
The symptoms and signs of cholera are a watery diarrhea that often contains flecks of whitish material that are about the size of pieces of rice. People may go on to develop one or more of the following symptoms and signs that includes vomiting, rapid heart rate, loss of skin elasticity, dry mucous membranes, low blood pressure, thirst and also the symptoms includes muscle cramps and restlessness especially in children. Those infected require immediate hydration to prevent these symptoms from continuing because these signs and symptoms indicate that the person is becoming or is dehydrated and may go on to develop severe cholera.
The risk of cholera is slight in industrialized nations and even in endemic areas so if you find and feel any symptoms of Cholera it is always better to consult a doctor to find out what to do next. If you have diarrhea, especially severe diarrhea, and think you may have been exposed to cholera, try to find out the treatment right away. Severe dehydration is a medical emergency that requires immediate care regardless of the cause. Preliminary diagnosis is usually done by a caregiver who takes a history from the patient and observes the characteristic rice-water diarrhea, especially if a local outbreak of cholera has been identified.
Risk factors of Cholera
Everyone is susceptible to cholera, with the exception of infants who derive immunity from nursing mothers who have previously had cholera. There are some of the major Risk factors for cholera that includes Poor sanitary conditions, reduced or nonexistent stomach acid, and also you can find out the increased risk of Cholera at the Household exposure in case of living with someone who has affected by the disease. Keep in mind that people with type O blood are twice as likely to develop cholera as are people with other blood types.
Cholera Treatment and Prevention
Although there is a vaccine against cholera, the CDC and World Health Organization don’t normally recommend it because it may not protect up to half of the people who receive it and it lasts only a few months. However, you can protect yourself and your family by using only water that has been boiled, water that has been chemically disinfected or bottled water. Be sure to use the bottled, boiled, or chemically disinfected water for the following purposes such as drinking, preparing food or drinks, making ice, brushing your teeth, washing your face and hands, washing dishes and utensils that you use to eat or prepare food and washing fruits and vegetables.
Read out these information regarding Cholera and be aware of it!