A malignant brain tumour is a fast-growing cancer that spreads to other areas of the brain and spine. Most malignant brain tumours are a secondary cancer, which means they started in another part of the body and spread to the brain. Primary brain tumours are those that started in the brain. There are different types of primary malignant brain tumour, depending on the type of brain cells they have grown from. The most common type is a glioma, which accounts for more than half of all primary brain tumours.
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms of a malignant brain tumour depend on how big it is and where it is in the brain. The tumour can put pressure on the brain and may cause headaches and seizures. It can also prevent an area of the brain from functioning properly. Brain tumours can affect people of any age, including children. The exact cause of primary malignant brain tumours, which start in the brain, is unknown. However, an underlying genetic disease, such as neurofibromatosis, can increase your risk of developing one.
A malignant brain tumour needs to be treated as soon as possible because it can spread and damage other parts of the brain and the spinal cord. The tumour is usually operated on and as much of it as possible is removed. This may be followed with radiotherapy, chemotherapy or a combination of both. However, malignant tumours will often return. The outcome for malignant primary brain tumours depends on a number of things, such as the type and location of the tumour and how will you were when diagnosed.
After treatment, several types of therapy will be available to help you recover.
Your doctor can refer you to a counselor if you want to talk about the emotional aspects of diagnosis and treatment. There are also many organizations and help lines, such as Brain Tumour UK, that provide information and support.
Read out and be aware of it.