Blood pressure is the measure of the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. The heart pumps blood into the arteries, which carry the blood throughout the body. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is dangerous because it makes the heart work harder to pump blood to the body and contributes to hardening of the arteries, and to the development of heart failure. Most people with high blood pressure have no signs or symptoms, even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels. Although a few people with early-stage high blood pressure may have dull headaches, dizzy spells or a few more nosebleeds than normal, these signs and symptoms usually don’t occur until high blood pressure has reached a severe or life-threatening stage.
The exact causes of high blood pressure are not known, but several factors and conditions may play a role in its development, including Smoking, being overweight or obese, lack of physical activity, too much salt in the diet, too much alcohol consumption, stress, older age, genetics, chronic kidney disease and also it may be caused by adrenal and thyroid disorders. Blood pressure is measured with a simple painless test usually using an electronic blood pressure monitor. This consists of an inflatable cuff that is wrapped around the upper arm and is attached to an electronic monitor that gives a digital readout of the blood pressure and pulse.
The systolic blood pressure number is always said first, and then the diastolic blood pressure number is given. For example, your blood pressure may be read as “120 over 80” or written 120/80. Blood pressure is measured in milli metres of mercury . However, usually the “mmHg” is not used when reporting the blood pressure.
The excessive pressure on your artery walls caused by high blood pressure can damage your blood vessels, as well as organs in your body. The higher your blood pressure and the longer it goes uncontrolled, the greater the damage.
Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to Heart attack or stroke, Aneurysm, Heart failure, Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in your kidney, thickened, narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eyes, metabolic syndrome, Trouble with memory or understanding and some of the other complications.
Read out all the lines of this pressure and be aware of it.