An abortion is when the pregnancy is ended so that it does not result in the birth of a child. Sometimes this is called termination of pregnancy. The pregnancy is removed from the womb, either by taking pills which involves taking medicines to cause a miscarriage or by surgery where the pregnancy is removed from the womb. Most abortions can be provided on a day care basis which means you do not need to stay at a clinic overnight. There are broadly two types of abortion treatment, the abortion pill and surgical abortion. The abortion pill involves taking medicines to end the pregnancy. Surgical abortion involves a minor operation either awake or asleep.
What Abortion Procedures Are Used During The First Trimester?
In most cases, you will have a choice between medical or surgical abortion procedures during the first trimester. Medical abortions are only available up through nine weeks gestation. The types of abortion procedures performed during the first trimester includes Methotrexate abd Misoprostol, Mifepristone and Misoprostol, Manual Vacuum Aspiration and Aspiration. There are explained in detail as follows.
Methotrexate & Misoprostol is a medical abortion procedure used up to the first seven weeks of pregnancy. This medication combination is not as commonly used in the U.S. with the availability of mifepristone, which works more effectively for this use.
Mifepristone and Misoprostol is a medical abortion procedure used up to the first seven to nine weeks of pregnancy. It can also be referred to as RU-486, the abortion pill and Mifeprex.
Manual Vacuum Aspiration is a procedure used as early as 3 -12 weeks since the last period. Considered less invasive with only a local anesthesia being used on the cervix.
Aspiration is a surgical abortion procedure used to terminate pregnancy up to 16 weeks from the last period. It can also be referred to as suction curettage, dilation and curettage (D & C) or vacuum aspiration.
Miscarriage is very common. Because many or even most miscarriages occur so early in pregnancy that a woman might not have known that she was pregnant, it is difficult to estimate how many miscarriages occur. Some experts believe that about half of all fertilized eggs die before implantation or are miscarried. Of known pregnancies about 10% to 20% end in miscarriage.
What causes miscarriage?
The majority of miscarriages are believed to be caused by genetic problems in the embryo that would prevent a baby from developing normally and surviving. These fatal genetic errors typically are not related to genetic problems in the mother.
In other cases, certain illnesses or medical conditions can cause miscarriage and may increase the risk of miscarriage. Mothers who have diabetes or thyroid disease are at increased risk of miscarriage. Infections that spread to the placenta, including some viral infections, can also increase the risk of miscarriage.